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Notable work in social or personality psychology regarding social networking?

Notable work in social or personality psychology regarding social networking?

Today most of the people spend a lot of time socializing. What people post on Facebook/Twitter or any other social platform directly or indirectly reflects a person's psyche. I've developed a habit of studying patterns/behaviours of people while on social networks. I would very much like to study it methodically.

Is there a notable work done in this regard? I'm looking for a book or blog or anything that explores the topic in depth.


Aggression and antisocial behavior

Early, antisocial behavior leads to befriending others who also engage in antisocial behavior, which only perpetuates the downward cycle of aggression and wrongful acts. [Image: Philippe Put]

Several major theories of the development of antisocial behavior treat adolescence as an important period. Patterson’s (1982 [11] ) early versus late starter model of the development of aggressive and antisocial behavior distinguishes youths whose antisocial behavior begins during childhood (early starters) versus adolescence (late starters). According to the theory, early starters are at greater risk for long-term antisocial behavior that extends into adulthood than are late starters. Late starters who become antisocial during adolescence are theorized to experience poor parental monitoring and supervision, aspects of parenting that become more salient during adolescence. Poor monitoring and lack of supervision contribute to increasing involvement with deviant peers, which in turn promotes adolescents’ own antisocial behavior. Late starters desist from antisocial behavior when changes in the environment make other options more appealing. Similarly, Moffitt’s (1993 [12] ) life-course persistent versus adolescent-limited model distinguishes between antisocial behavior that begins in childhood versus adolescence. Moffitt regards adolescent-limited antisocial behavior as resulting from a “maturity gap” between adolescents’ dependence on and control by adults and their desire to demonstrate their freedom from adult constraint. However, as they continue to develop, and legitimate adult roles and privileges become available to them, there are fewer incentives to engage in antisocial behavior, leading to desistance in these antisocial behaviors.


Abstract

Social networking sites (SNS) provide opportunities for mood management through selective exposure. This study tested the prediction that negative mood fosters self-enhancing social comparisons to SNS profiles. Participants were induced into positive or negative moods and then browsed manipulated profiles on an experimental SNS. Profiles varied in a 2 × 2 within-subjects design along two dimensions, ratings of career success and attractiveness, allowing for upward comparisons (high ratings) and downward comparisons (low ratings). Selective exposure was measured in seconds spent viewing profiles. Negative mood led to less exposure to upward comparisons and more to downward comparisons than positive mood. The comparison dimension did not influence selective exposure. Thus, in a negative mood, SNS users prefer self-enhancing social comparisons to manage their mood.


Theories Used in Social Work Practice

For people who want to dedicate their life to helping others in a practical way, social work can be a fulfilling career. Social work is sometimes termed as “helping people help themselves” a social worker facilitates change in the behavior of individuals and communities, both large (e.g., a school) and small (e.g., a family). Direct social services usually address the problems of individuals, helping them enhance their capacity to meet social obligations. Social development work is aimed at correcting long-term problems in communities.

In short, social work is about empowering people. A complex endeavor, inciting this shift of others’ perspectives can benefit from the framework of the various theories used in social work practice. A theory is a logical system of concepts that helps to explain why something happens in a particular way and to predict outcomes. By grounding their practice in theory, social workers can better understand his or her own task, orient goal setting, and anticipate outcomes. Click on each theory to jump to it’s section below.

    : Describe and explain behavior, particularly when it comes to how problems develop. : A particular way of viewing and thinking about the practice of social work. : Provide guidance and expectations for improving outcomes for children, youth, and families.

Orienting Theories

Orienting theories describe and explain behavior, particularly when it comes to how problems develop. Various theories draw from other disciplines, including biology, psychology, and economics, and are related to all aspects of social work, including human development, personality, family systems, and political power. Orienting theories also attempt to explain large-scale societal problems such as poverty, mental illness, crime, and racial discrimination.

General systems theory emphasizes reciprocal relationships between the elements of a system—”a holistic, organized unit of interdependent, transacting, and mutually influencing parts (individuals or collectives and their subunits) within an identifiable (social-ecological) environment” (Siporin, 1975). Systems theory draws the social worker’s attention to the various systems within which an individual functions—groups, organizations, societies, and so forth—in order to help intervene at multiple stages in an individual’s life.

By focusing on understanding the human condition and consideration of cross-cultural elements, systems theory has helped drive social work’s understanding of human behavior in the social environment.

Psychodynamic theory is informed by ego psychology and focuses on how inner energies interact with external forces to impact emotional development. That is, this theory assumes that emotions play a key role in human behavior and is thus concerned with how these internal needs, drives, and emotions motivate human behavior. It assumes that both conscious and unconscious mental activity motivate human behavior, and that internalized experiences—such as childhood experiences—shape personality development and functioning. By patterning an individual’s emotions, these early experiences are central to problems of living throughout an individual’s lifespan.

This theory is what social workers usually employ when dealing with a client who has suffered past trauma or abuse. By focusing on how the ego mediates between the individual and their environment, social workers can facilitate healing by placing attention on a client’s ego defense mechanisms to protect individuals from becoming overwhelmed by impulses and threats.

Social learning theory, also called behaviorism or behavior theory, is based on the psychology of learning. By focusing on how individuals develop cognitive functioning, social workers can understand how those cognitive structures enable adaptation and organization. So in dealing with problem behavior, social workers who employ this theory focus on changing the reinforcement that perpetuates that behavior.

Conflict theory helps explain how power structures—and power disparities—impact people’s lives. Power is unequally divided in every society, and all societies perpetuate various forms of oppression and injustice through structural inequality—from the wealth gap to racial discrimination. In short, groups and individuals advance their own interest over the interests of others. Dominant groups maintain social order through manipulation and control. But social change can be achieved through conflict—that is, interrupting periods of stability. In this theory, life is characterized by conflict (either open or through exploitation) instead of consensus. By addressing these asymmetric power relationships, social workers therefore aim to even the scales and reduce grievances between persons or groups.

Practice Perspectives

Practice perspectives are a particular way of viewing and thinking about the practice of social work. By offering a conceptual lens of social functioning, these frameworks focus on particular, recognizable features of a situation in order to offer guidance on what might be important considerations. Two in particular are noteworthy in their common use to assess relationships between people and their environment:

Just as ecology seeks to explain the reciprocal relationship between organisms, the ecosystems perspective assumes that human needs and problems are generated by the transactions between people and their environments. To understand a client’s problems, the social worker must understand his or her environmental context:

  1. The individual exists within families,
  2. Families exist within communities and neighborhoods,
  3. Individuals, families, and neighborhoods exist in a political, economic, and cultural environment, and it follows that
  4. The environment impacts the actions, beliefs, and choices of the individual.

So the problems that people face arise from life transitions, environmental forces, and interpersonal pressures when a social workers is faced with a client who is having trouble functioning within their environment, then emphasis is placed on adapting the client’s ability to exchange information and energy with their environment. Unlike systems theory, which takes a broad perspective on equilibrium within a system, this model emphasizes active participation with the environment.

The second primary perspective, the strengths perspective assumes that every individual, family, group, organization, and community has identifiable strengths. By focusing on these strengths, clients can grow and overcome difficulties. Given the internal nature of strength, clients are usually the best experts about what types of helping strategies will be effective or ineffective as such, the social worker in this situation is more of a facilitator.

The third primary perspective, the feminist perspective takes into account the role of gender and the historical lack of power experienced by women in society. Social workers who employ a feminist perspective emphasize the need for equality and empowerment of women in our society.

Practice models

While theories help explain why a problem is occurring, dozens of social work practice models are used to address the problems themselves. Based on these theories (and others), these models are step-by-step guides for client sessions, much like a recipe or a blueprint for how to effect change. The social worker’s choice of perspective will influence their choice of both theory and model. A few common practice models include:

  1. Problem solving: The social worker helps the client understand the problem, brainstorm possible solutions, pick a solution, try it out, and evaluate effectiveness.
  2. Task-centered: The social worker helps the client break down the problem into achievable tasks, using rehearsals, deadlines, and contracts to maintain drive and motivation.
  3. Solution-focused: The social worker and client first identify the solution—the desired future—then work together to establish the steps that will lead to the solution.
  4. Narrative: Working off the assumption that as an individual’s life story takes shape, it emphasizes certain elements (either positive or negative) over others, social workers help clients “re-author” their own life by reexamining oft-told stories to get at a more basic truth.
  5. Crisis: The social worker and client work to reduce the impact of an immediate crisis, learn to more effectively respond to the impact of a stressful event by employing both internal and external resources, and restore the individual to a pre-crisis level of functioning.

What are the educational requirements for a social worker?

When looking for programs, it&rsquos important to keep a few factors in mind:


Page 2 - Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior Study Guide for the MCAT ®

This section concerns how psychological, sociocultural, and biological factors are related to human behavior. The interplay between these factors is important to comprehend why and how we behave and the reasons behind behavioral change.

Biological Influences on Behavior

It can be difficult to determine whether genetic or environmental factors have a greater influence on our developing behaviors. Our genes have a huge role in when and how we learn, grow, and develop. For instance, the genetic makeup of a child will determine the age range in which the child will begin walking, but the environmental factors will influence whether they begin at the beginning or toward the end of this range. On the other hand, a human’s physiological development refers to his or her emotional, cognitive, intellectual, and social skills through his or her lifetime.

Related Concepts and Terms

the nervous system (neurons, neurotransmitters, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system), neuronal communication and influence of behavior, endocrine system, behavioral genetics, genetic and environmental factors on developing behaviors, human physiological development

Personality

Personality psychology has led to abundant, and some of the best-known, psychology theories from thinkers such as Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. The major theories include: psychoanalytic theories, humanistic theories, trait theories, social cognitive theories, biological theories, and behavioral perspective theories. The situational approach to explaining behavior challenges the idea that personality determines behavior, and instead focuses on the situation and circumstances the person is involved in at the time of a specific incident.

Related Concepts and Terms

theories of personality (psychoanalytic, humanistic, trait, social cognitive, biological, behavioral perspective), situational approach to explaining behavior

Psychological Disorders

There are many different types of psychological disorders, some of which include: anxiety disorders, relating to an uncomfortable feeling of fear or dread that is often vague personality disorders, when a person’s pattern of thinking differs significantly to the norm of others depressive disorders, characterized by a persistent low mood and feelings of worthlessness and low self esteem and schizophrenia, which is characterized by illogical thoughts, delusions, unusual behavior, and hallucinations such as hearing voices.

Related Concepts and Terms

biomedical vs. biopsychosocial approaches, classifying and rates of psychological disorders, types of psychological disorders, biological bases of nervous system disorders (schizophrenia, depression, alzheimer’s, parkinson’s, stem cell-based therapy)

Motivation

Motivation can be described as the reason behind choosing to behave in a certain way. It involves the biological, emotional, cognitive, and social forces influencing behavior. Psychologists state different factors impact motivation: instinct (or a fixed, human drive, for example for love or fear), arousal (people have different levels of arousal and act in accordance to maintaining their optimal level), and drives and needs (regarding basic biological needs such as eating, drinking, sleeping).

Related Concepts and Terms

factors that influence motivation (instinct, arousal, drives, needs), theories explaining how motivation influences behavior (drive reduction theory, incentive theory, others), biological and sociocultural motivators

Attitudes

In psychology, attitude is an expression, emotion, or belief toward a person, place, thing, or event (attitude object). Attitudes have a powerful influence on behavior and have three different components (ABC): A for affective component, the emotional reaction to the attitude object B for behavioral component, how one behaves in reaction to the attitude object and finally C for cognitive component, one’s thoughts and feelings regarding the attitude object.

Related Concepts and Terms

components of attitudes, link between attitudes and behavior (processes by which behavior influences attitudes, and by which attitudes influence behavior, cognitive dissonance theory)

Effects of Others

It has been well established that the presence of others can greatly affect our behavior. The improvement in our performance due to the presence of others is called social facilitation. According to social facilitation, when in the presence of others, people tend to perform better on simple tasks and tasks they do regularly, but perform worse on new and unfamiliar tasks.

Related Concepts and Terms

social facilitation, deindividuation, bystander effect, social loafing, social control, peer pressure, conformity, obedience

Group Decision-Making

Whether people make better decisions in groups is debatable. Group interaction can lead to generating new ideas and solutions that individuals may have not formed by themselves. However, making decisions in groups can also lead to group polarization. This is when the beliefs or actions of an individual, in a group setting, can become more extreme than his or her actual private views. For example, if some of the individuals in a group tend to lean toward riskier decisions, it is likely that the ultimate decision will be that of a risky nature.

Related Concepts and Terms

group polarization, groupthink

Social Norms

The social norms of a group are the implicit and explicit rules, or social obligations, a group has toward certain beliefs, values, and behaviors. For example, while in America it is polite to engage in eye contact when speaking to someone, in asian countries this is often considered rude. Different types of social norms include: folkways, mores, taboos, and laws. A sanction, in psychology, is considered the penalty (often moral pressure) that ensures conformity in a society.

Related Concepts and Terms

sanctions, folkways, mores, taboos, anomie, deviance, aspects of collective behavior

Socialization

Socialization refers to the lifelong process of learning and inheriting the norms, customs, and ideologies of a group or culture. We can identify four main agents of socialization. Family is often considered the most important agent of socialization, followed by schools, peers, and the mass media.

Related Concepts and Terms

Habituation, Dishabituation, and Associative Learning

Habituation is the gradual decrease in an organism’s reaction to a stimulus. With repeated exposure, the resulting response decreases. Dishabituation, on the other hand, is when we respond to an old stimulus as if it were new again. In addition, associative learning means our brains are unable to remember pieces of information in isolation. We tend to group information together with other related, meaningful information.

Related Concepts and Terms

classical conditioning, operant conditioning, role of cognitive processes in associative learning, biological processes that affect associative learning

Observational Learning

Observational learning or modeling refers to an indirect type of learning, through watching and imitating others. This type of learning tends to be most common during childhood and plays an important role in the socialization process. Albert Bandura is the psychologist most associated with social learning theory, with his Bobo doll experiment imperative to seeing observation learning in action.

Related Concepts and Terms

modeling, biological processes that affect observational learning, applications of observational learning to explain individual behavior

Attitude and Behavior Change Theories

As people change their attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors through their lifetimes, it is the psychological, biological, and environmental factors that affect whether these shifts will be long or short term. There are different factors/theories to attitude change, including: the elaboration likelihood model (relating to persuasion) and social cognitive theory (which relates to operant and classical conditioning).

Related Concepts and Terms

elaboration likelihood model, social cognitive theory, factors that affect attitude change

Foundational Concept 8: Psychological, sociocultural, and biological factors influence the way we think about ourselves and others, as well as how we interact with others.

This concept concerns the physical, cognitive, and social parts of our identity and how they influence the way we think about, and interact with, others.

Self-Concept, Self-Identity, and Social Identity

Self-concept refers to how someone evaluates and perceives themselves, or defined by Baumeister (1999), “the individual’s belief about himself or herself, including the person’s attributes and who and what the self is.” Self-identity relates more to our morals and values, and the qualities that make up a person. One’s self-identity can only be described by that particular individual, but it is important to also make note of society’s role in defining our self.

Related Concepts and Terms

self-esteem, self-efficacy, locus control in self-concept and self-identity, types of identities (race/ethnicity, gender, age, sexual orientation, class)

Identity Formation

The psychologist we most associate with identity formation is Erik Erikson, with his theory of development stages. According to Erikson, identity formation begins in childhood and reaches its peak in adolescence. In adolescence, we are confronted with integrating our past experiences and characteristics in order to establish a stable identity.

Related Concepts and Terms

theories of identity development (gender, moral, psychosexual, social), influence on social factors on identity formation (individuals, groups), influence of culture and socialization

Behavior Attribution

In social psychology, we can define behavior attribution as the process of inferring the causes of events or behaviors, or why individuals explain events as they do. Heider (1958) had two theories on this matter: internal attribution, when we contribute the cause of a behavior to internal characteristics (such as a personality trait) or external attribution, when we assign the cause of a behavior to outside, environmental aspects, out of one’s control.

Related Concepts and Terms

attributional processes, self perceptions influence on perceptions of others, perceptions of the environment shape our perceptions of others

Prejudice and Bias

A cognitive bias is a shortcut in our thinking and can sometimes lead to errors in judgments and decisions. We can distinguish between biases for example, between prejudice and stereotypes. Prejudice relates to an emotional bias, such as a negative emotional reaction to a social group, whereas a stereotype is a mental bias, such as superficial reasons for disliking the social group.

Related Concepts and Terms

processes that contribute toward prejudice (class, prestige, power, emotion, cognition), stereotypes, stigma, ethnocentrism

Stereotypes

As mentioned above, a stereotype is a mental bias—a positive, negative, or neutral belief about a person based on his or her membership to a particular social group. Stereotyping can relate to theories of self-fulfilling prophecy for example if we look at Stephanie Madon’s research on parents expectations about their child’s alcohol abuse. She found that when both parents expected their child to abuse alcohol, they did.

Related Concepts and Terms

self-fulfilling prophecy, stereotype threat

Social Interaction Elements

Different elements of social interaction include: status, role, groups, networks, and organizations. Status refers to one’s role in a community and the position they hold in the social hierarchy, whereas a group is a collection of people who identify with one another in some way, and a network is the social structure between individuals or organizations.

Related Concepts and Terms

status, role, groups, networks, organizations

Self-Presentation

Self-presentation can be defined as any behavior that conveys an image of ourselves to other people. As humans, our behavior often changes if we realise we are being watched. We can divide self-presentation (or impression management) into two tactics: self-enhancement (when we try to present an enhanced impression of ourselves to others) or other-enhancement (when we put effort into making others feel better).

Related Concepts and Terms

expressing and detecting emotion (role of gender and culture), presentation of self (impression management, front stage and back stage self), verbal and non verbal communication, animal signs and communication.

Social Behavior

How we act around others of the same species is considered our social behavior. Our thoughts, feelings, and actions are influenced by the presence of others. We can look at an example of this through aggression (a type of social behavior) aggression is a deliberate behavior that causes or threatens harm to another and can be influenced by the presence of family members, relationships, or others in our work/school environment.

Related Concepts and Terms

attraction, aggression, attachment, altruism, social support, biological explanations of social behavior in animals

Discrimination

Discrimination is the (usually negative) treatment of others based on the person’s class/race/gender etc. It can be individual or institutional—individual being the intended harmful behavior of an individual toward a person of a different race/class or gender, and institutional discrimination being the unjust mistreatment of an individual by a society or an institution.

Related Concepts and Terms

individual vs. institutional discrimination, prejudice and discrimination, influence of power, prestige and class


Top 10 Academic Journals for Social Media Research

Based on our initial assessment (including peer-review, impact factor signals, and search ranking), here are the top 10 academic journals that publish social media research. Note that we will continue to update this list, and we may even include more than 10 you can vote on. Important to note: you are welcome to vote on your favorite at any time and votes, of course, will change the ranking order for this list.

#1 The Journal of Social Media in Society

The Journal of Social Media in Society is blind peer-reviewed, open-access, online journal that accepts scholarly articles and book reviews. The journal is devoted to scholarship and commentary on social media and its impact on society. The objective of JSMS is to advance the study of social media with current literature based on theory, research and practice from all methodological frameworks.

The journal welcomes papers on all aspects of social media, such as interactive online platforms and mobile technologies used to connect, share, discuss, and collaborate.

Upvotes percentage: 62.068966%

Downvotes percentage: 37.931034%

#2 International Journal of Research in Marketing

The International Journal of Research in Marketing is a peer-reviewed academic journal. It is a broad journal that provides information on different aspects of marketing. Some of the topics include digital marketing, social media interactions and digital business models.

Upvotes percentage: 66.666667%

Downvotes percentage: 33.333333%

#3 Online Social Networks and Media

OSNEM is a peer-reviewed international journal that publishes high-quality scientific articles (both theoretical and experimental) and survey papers covering all aspects of OSNEM: from OSNEM protocols and applications to the use of data mined from OSNEM for modeling and understanding the human behavior in the cyber-physical world. It is a multidisciplinary journal for the wide community of computer and network scientists working on developing OSNEM platforms and services and using OSNEM as a big data source to mine, learn and model the (online) human behavior. The journal also welcomes contributions applying a wide range of (computer- and network-science) techniques and tools to OSNEM for investigating how social relationships affect other scientific fields, e.g., social and political sciences, economic and financial sciences, medical sciences.

Upvotes percentage: 54.545455%

Downvotes percentage: 45.454545%

#4 Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking

Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking is the essential, peer-reviewed journal for understanding the social and psychological impact of today’s social networking practices. Highly regarded as the go-to source in the field, the journal has been at the forefront of social networking and virtual reality for nearly 20 years. It is known for its rapid communication articles and in-depth studies surrounding the effects of interactive technologies on behavior and society, both positive and negative.

Upvotes percentage: 66.666667%

Downvotes percentage: 33.333333%

#5 Journal of Interactive Marketing

The Journal of Interactive Marketing publishes methodologies, theories, applications, models about digital marketing. Some of the topics include social media networks, online branding, and online advertising. The goal of this journal is provide new ideas and identifying issues with electronics, interactive, and direct marketing environments.

Upvotes percentage: 80.000000%

Downvotes percentage: 20.000000%

#6 Convergence

Convergence is an international peer-reviewed journal that focuses on creative, social, political, pedagogical issues caused by new media technologies. Some of the topics include mobile content, digital art, internet studies, and issues on social media platforms.

Upvotes percentage: 75.000000%

Downvotes percentage: 25.000000%

#7 Computers in Human Behavior

Computers in Human Behavior is a scholarly journal dedicated to examining the use of computers from a psychological perspective. Original theoretical works, research reports, literature reviews, software reviews, book reviews and announcements are published. The journal addresses both the use of computers in psychology, psychiatry and related disciplines as well as the psychological impact of computer use on individuals, groups and society. The former category includes articles exploring the use of computers for professional practice, training, research and theory development. The latter category includes articles dealing with the psychological effects of computers on phenomena such as human development, learning, cognition, personality, and social interactions.

Upvotes percentage: 75.000000%

Downvotes percentage: 25.000000%

#8 Social Networks: An International Journal of Structural Analysis

Social Networks is an interdisciplinary and international quarterly. It provides a common forum for representatives of anthropology, sociology, history, social psychology, political science, human geography, biology, economics, communications science and other disciplines who share an interest in the study of the empirical structure of social relations and associations that may be expressed in network form. It publishes both theoretical and substantive papers. Critical reviews of major theoretical or methodological approaches using the notion of networks in the analysis of social behaviour are also included, as are reviews of recent books dealing with social networks and social structure.

Upvotes percentage: 57.142857%

Downvotes percentage: 42.857143%

#9 Social Media & Society

Social Media + Society is an online, open-access, peer-reviewed scholarly journal deeply committed to advancing the understanding of social media and its impact on societies past, present and future. With a leading editorial team, the journal offers a collaborative, open, and shared space dedicated to the study of social media and their implications for societies. It facilitates state-of-the-art research on cutting-edge trends and enables scholars to develop research and track trends.

Upvotes percentage: 52.380952%

Downvotes percentage: 47.619048%

#10 International Journal of Social Media and Interactive Learning

The objectives of IJSMILE are to provide an avenue for practitioners and researchers to share their practices and concerns, and their empirical research studies on using social media and other web 2.0 tools to support formal and informal learning. It also aims to promote effective design and use of web-based learning environments for social interaction and collaboration. The international dimension is emphasized in order to get a full picture of social media usage in different cultural and educational contexts.

Upvotes percentage: 60.000000%

Downvotes percentage: 40.000000%

#11 Journal of Social Media Studies

Academic disciplines are flourishing at faculties and departments dedicated to Media, communication, sociology, psychology, linguistics, cultural studies, film, design, engineering, advertising, public relations and humanities. It aims to create bridges between different research cultures and publishes original articles of high quality on Social Media.

Upvotes percentage: 50.000000%

Downvotes percentage: 50.000000%

#12 Social Networking

Social Networking is an open-access journal available for free on the internet. It is published by Science Research Publishing Inc. This academic journal has been through strict peer review process before publication. The goal of Social Networking is to promote, share and discuss new issues and developments in social networking.

Upvotes percentage: 50.000000%

Downvotes percentage: 50.000000%

#13 Journal of Digital & Social Media Marketing

Journal of Digital & Social Media Networking is a peer-reviewed academic journal mainly focused on marketing of products or services on digital channels. It is published quarterly and reviewed by an editorial board of digital and social media marketing experts. This journal provides new strategies, techniques, trends and analysis about digital and social marketing strategies of top brands.

Upvotes percentage: 50.000000%

Downvotes percentage: 50.000000%

#14 Journal of Internet Social Networking and Virtual Communities

The Journal of Internet Social Networking and Virtual Communities is an international online peer reviewed journal. The goal of this journal is to provide a better understanding of digital social technologies developed by academia, practitioners and educators worldwide.

Upvotes percentage: 50.000000%

Downvotes percentage: 50.000000%

#15 Mobile Media & Communication

Mobile Media & Communication is a peer-reviewed forum for international, interdisciplinary academic research on the dynamic field of mobile media and communication. Mobile Media & Communication draws on a wide and continually renewed range of disciplines, engaging broadly in the concept of mobility itself.

The journal embraces both quantitative and qualitative approaches to the study of mobility in communication, but above all aims toward state-of-the-art methodology. While the center of gravity lies in social sciences and humanities, the journal is open to research with technical, economic, and design aspects, provided they help to enlighten the social dimensions of mobile communication.

Mobile Media & Communication examines the phenomenon of mobility in communication – that is, what is understood as mobile media and communication, but also emerging phenomena such as mobile and ubiquitous computing.


Dr. Lucas Derks: Mental Space Psychology & Social Panorama A development based on NLP

Mental Space Psychology and the Society for Mental Space Psychology www.somsp.com are the latest developments of Dr. Lucas Derks. Before this he developed from 1993 on his model of &ldquoSocial Panorama&rdquo www.socialpanorama.com , which is now part of Mental Space Psychology. The connection between the pragmatic field of NLP with social psychology has become his mayor activity over the last decade.

The Social Panorama model is a social psychological instrument with which it is possible to change the unconscious map of relational reality in people&rsquos mind for making their live easier. In this model, interpersonal relationships are explained as cognitive constructions in mental space. Therefore, it is possible to project people and the relationships onto a mental location. This location determines the quality of the relationship. Problems with intimate relationships, self-confidence, conflicts, power, families, teams, and organizations can be relatively easily analyzed and solved with the help of the social panorama model.


What Is a Social Worker’s Role in Social Welfare Policy?

In an average month, 21.3% of American citizens receive some form of public assistance.* These services include everything from Medicaid to food stamps to housing assistance. Simply put, the social welfare system is as immense as it is important&mdashmaking the social workers who help create and administer these programs a vital part of our social safety net. What role do social workers play in our social welfare policy and how can you join them?

What is required to become a social worker?

The National Association of Social Workers defines a professional social worker as someone who has earned a collegiate or graduate-level degree in social work&mdashsuch as a Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) or Master of Social Work (MSW) degree&mdashand has completed a minimum number of hours of supervised fieldwork.&dagger These rigorous requirements stem from the fact that social work often requires an in-depth knowledge of social welfare programs and human behavior. In addition, due to the large scale and complexity of issues in this field, many social workers specialize in one area of the profession, devoting their careers to specific societal problems and/or populations. As a result, some accredited social work degree programs allow you to focus on specific areas of expertise including addiction, children and families, crisis and trauma, forensic populations and settings, medical social work, and military families and culture.

What do social workers do?

From a social welfare policy standpoint, social workers do everything from helping craft federal, state, and local policies to overseeing the administration of social programs to working directly with the recipients of assistance, ensuring that they meet qualifications and that they receive the help they need and are entitled to. There are even two U.S. senators&mdashSen. Barbara Mikulski (Maryland) and Sen. Debbie Stabenow (Michigan)&mdashwho hold MSW degrees and are at the forefront of U.S. policy-making.

Without social workers&rsquo in-depth knowledge of the needs of individuals and communities, our social welfare system might cease functioning. It takes the efforts of social workers in policy-making and program administration, plus social workers in the field, to adequately provide the assistance our nation promises to those who are in need. No other professionals are as qualified to design and implement social welfare policy as those who have dedicated their careers to helping those the policies support.

How do I become a social worker?

While some entry-level social work jobs require Bachelor of Social Work, many of the profession&rsquos advanced positions require you to have earned your Master of Social Work, complete other training, and/or obtain licensure. If you wish to be a case worker, mental health assistant, group home worker, or similar position, a BSW degree is a great place to start. If you wish to work in a supervisory role, on a policy-making committee, or in a similar position of responsibility, an MSW degree can significantly increase your opportunities.

If you&rsquore interested in becoming a social worker but are balancing work or family commitments, consider enrolling in a CSWE-accredited online BSW or MSW program. CSWE accreditation helps ensure that your coursework, assessments, and criteria for graduation are of the highest standards. It&rsquos also important to note&mdashfor yourself and for your current or prospective employers&mdashthat CSWE accreditation standards are the same for online BSW and MSW programs as they are for similar MSW programs at campus-based universities.

The social welfare system helps tens of millions of people every month. By earning a BSW or MSW degree, you can put yourself in position to become a vital part of the design and implementation of social welfare policy.

Walden University is an accredited institution offering a CSWE accredited online BSW program and MSW program. Expand your career options and earn your degree in a convenient, flexible format that fits your busy life.

*United States Census Bureau, 21.3 Percent of U.S. Population Participates in Government Assistance Programs Each Month, on the Internet at www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2015/cb15-97.html.

&daggerNational Association of Social Workers, Social Work Professions, on the Internet at www.socialworkers.org/pressroom/features/general/profession.asp.

Walden University&rsquos Master of Social Work (MSW) program is accredited by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE), a specialized accrediting body recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). CSWE's Commission on Accreditation is responsible for developing accreditation standards that define competent preparation for professional social workers and ensuring that social work programs meet these standards.

Walden University is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, www.hlcommission.org

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GENDER AND SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING ACROSS CULTURES

Researchers investigating gender differences in subjective well-being typically find men report higher levels than women, mainly due to women's heightened negative affect responsivity (d = −0.21 Schmitt et al., 2016 ), though differences are sometimes negligible after controlling for additional demographic factors (Lucas & Gohm, 2000 Pinquart & Sörensen, 2001 Tesch-Römer, Motel-Klingebiel, & Tomasik, 2008 ). Even so, Schmitt et al. ( 2016 ) found across 58 nations that both men and women reported higher levels of subjective well-being in more gender egalitarian cultures. The effects of gender egalitarianism on men were stronger, though, leading to larger gender differences in subjective well-being in more gender egalitarian cultures.


Social Psychology Careers: What Can You Do With a Degree in Social Psychology

Social psychology is the study of how people are influenced by other people. This discipline focuses on the way individuals relate to one another and how the presence of other people can affect individual behavior within groups. In short, the social psychologist is concerned with how people influence other people’s behavior, thoughts, and feelings.

Social psychology is seen as a field that combines sociology with psychology because it combines elements from both fields. Sometimes it is even mistaken for being a sub-field of sociology. However, social psychology and sociology have some very distinct differences. Sociology focuses on group dynamics while social psychology focuses on how groups of people affect individual or group behavior.

Social psychologists conduct their research by watching people in real world environments. They are also known to create replicas of real world situations and observe how people behave. Many social psychologists specialize in a specific area such as leadership, group dynamics, perception, racism, sexism, bullying, criminal activity, community health problems, or other social concerns.


Watch the video: A well educated mind vs a well formed mind: Dr. Shashi Tharoor at TEDxGateway 2013 (January 2022).